|November/December 2020 Volume 31, Number 6|
Impact of COVID-19 on Property and Liability Insurance
While estimates vary, the insurance industry is currently expected to pay as much as $110 billion in claims related to the pandemic in 2020, according to Lloyd's.
"The coronavirus outbreak has reduced risk in some areas while, at the same time, changing and heightening it in others," according to Chief Claims Officer Thomas Sepp of Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty (AGCS) in a company news release.
Property damage claims have not been significantly impacted by Covid-19. However, as production lines restart, there is greater risk of machinery breakdown and damage and even fire and explosion. Covid-19 has prompted many business interruption (BI) claims, which have become controversial and may or may not be covered. In addition, on one hand, factories in hibernation will not produce large BI claims. On the other hand, lockdowns can lead to longer and more costly disruptions as restrictions prevent effective loss mitigation.
There are have been few liability claims to date, in part because such claims tend to lag in when they are reported. However, according to Sepp, "A number of outbreaks of coronavirus have been linked to gyms, casinos, care homes, cruise ships or food/meat processing plants."
Directors & Officers
Insolvencies, as well as event-driven litigation, could be potential sources of D&O claims. To date, there has been only a small number of securities class action lawsuits related to Covid-19 in the U.S. The pandemic could trigger further litigation if it is perceived that boards failed to prepare adequately for a pandemic.
Cyber risk exposures have heightened, with reports of the number of ransomware and business email compromise attacks increasing. Work from home has exacerbated these developments.
According to AGCS, claims notifications from motor accidents, slips and falls or workplace injuries slowed as more people stayed at home, and with the temporary closure of many shops, airports and businesses during lockdowns across the world. AGCS said it noticed a positive impact on U.S. claims settlement from the suspension of courts and trials. Some claimants and plaintiffs have been more open to negotiating settlements out of court rather than opting to wait a long time until their case is scheduled. In general, claims activity is likely to pick up again following resumption of economic activity, the insurer predicts.
According to the report, Covid-19 is accelerating trends such as a growing reliance on technology and rising awareness of the vulnerabilities of complex global supply chains. Going forward, many businesses are expected to review and change their supply chains to build in more resilience. This could involve some reshoring of critical production areas because of disruption caused by the pandemic. Such a move would likely impact frequency of claims and the costs of any future business interruptions.